Aztecs Kids

Government and Empire
July 24, 2018 – 08:43 am
South America Geography
Map of the Aztec Empire at its peakThe Emperor or Huey Tlatoani

The Aztec government was similar to a monarchy where an Emperor or King was the primary ruler. They called their ruler the Huey Tlatoani. The Huey Tlatoani was the ultimate power in the land. They felt that he was appointed by the gods and had the divine right to rule. He decided when to go to war and what tribute the lands he ruled would pay the Aztecs.

When an emperor died, the new emperor was chosen by a group of high ranking nobles. Usually the new emperor was a relative of the previous emperor, but it wasn't always his son. Sometimes they chose a brother who they felt would be a good leader.

Aztec Emperors

Here are a few of the more famous Aztec Emperors or Huey Tlatoani:

  • Acamapichtli - The first emperor of the Aztecs, he ruled for 19 years starting in 1375.
  • Itzcoatl - The fourth emperor of the Aztecs, he conquered the Tepanecs and founded the Triple Alliance.
  • Montezuma I - Under Montezuma I the Aztecs became the dominant power of the Triple Alliance and the empire was expanded.
  • Montezuma II - The ninth emperor of the Aztecs, Montezuma II was the leader when Cortez and the Spanish arrived. He had expanded the empire to its greatest size, but was killed by the Spanish.
Other Officials

The second in command of the Aztec government was the Cihuacoatl. The Cihuacoatl was in charge of running the government on a day to day basis. He had thousands of officials and civil servants who worked under him and kept the government and the empire running smoothly.

There was also the Council of Four. These were powerful men and generals of the army who were first in line to become the next emperor. They gave advice to the emperor and it was important that he had their agreement in major decisions.

Other important officials in the government included the priests who oversaw the religious aspects of the city, the judges who ran the court system, and the military leaders.

Law

The Aztecs had a fairly sophisticated code of law. There were numerous laws including laws against stealing, murder, drunkenness, and property damage. A system of courts and judges determined guilt and punishments. They had different levels of courts all the way up to a supreme court. Citizens could appeal rulings to a higher court if they did not agree with the judge.

One interesting part of the law was the "one time forgiveness law". Under this law, a citizen could confess a crime to a priest and they would be forgiven. This only worked if they confessed the crime prior to being caught. It also could only be used once.

Tenochtitlan

The center of the Aztec government was the capital city of Tenochtitlan. This was where the emperor as well as the majority of the nobles lived. At its peak under Montezuma II, Tenochtitlan is thought to have had a population of 200, 000 people.

Interesting Facts about Aztec Government

  • Huey Tlatoani meant "Great Speaker". The leader of other lesser cities was called the Tlatoani of that city.
  • Cihuacoatl meant "Female Snake" even though the office was always held by a man.
  • The priests were also responsible for running the schools.
  • When a new emperor came into power he had to spend four days fasting, meditating, and worshiping the gods.
  • The punishments for breaking a law were severe with death being a common punishment. Other punishments included having your head shaved or being sold into slavery.

Works Cited
Source: www.ducksters.com
Tops T-shirt,Timeson Women Comfy Day to Work Long Sleeve Tops T-shirt XXX-Large Black
Apparel
  • Fabric: #05 40% Polyster 60% Polyurethane (Spandex) #17 95% Nylon 5% Polyurethane (Spandex).Machine Washable(Recommended Hand Wash)
  • The must for your wardrobe- Timeson Scoop Neck Tunic Top is a closet must-have. Pleating detail ends in a fitted waistband at the bottom and soft breathable layers...
  • Design to make each garment right for you - Timeson Blouse was specifically designed with a variety of body types in mind. The unique pleated layers front hide the...
  • Effortless style- The material and design makes the tee functional and fashionable for any setting. Whether you re wearing it to work, the beach as a cover-up, or...
  • Please check size information on Product Description before ordering
Nexxgen Sports Apparel Compression Arm Sleeve (Single)- 40 Styles and Colors- Men, Women, Youth - Basketball Shooter, Football, Baseball, Lymphedema, Tattoo (Youth Medium, Elite Purple/Black)
Apparel
  • Over 40 colors and variations to accessorize any uniform or outfit. (Digital Camo and Elite: Black, Blue, Red, Green, Pink, Orange, Purple, Yellow and many more)
  • 100% MONEY BACK GUARANTEE: Backed by Amazon s famous 100% no hassle money back guarantee. SIZING INFO: see description below.
Shimmertail Mermaid Blanket by Shimmertail - Shimmertail Collection - Aztec Jungle
Home (Shimmertail)
  • Blankets are shaped like our swim tails, but have a looser fit to allow for comfortable snuggling.
  • They fit like a sleeping bag, just slide in and stay warm
  • If your little mermaid wants to be covered from head to toe, you can purchase a size up.  Otherwise, just purchase one in their size.
  • *Disclaimer: no magical starfish were actually used in the production of these mermaid blanketsunless that s the main reason you want to purchase one.  In that case...
  • Sizing & Fit Information: Child (4-6 Toddler) Large (4-12yr olds) XL (Teen-6 ft, 180 lb. adult)
Educational Insights Educational Insights Nancy B's Science Club Way To Grow Hydroponics Kit & Gardening Diary
Toy (Educational Insights)
  • Observe, measure, cultivate, and stimulate an interest in biology and botany!
  • Includes 2 seed baskets, 2 flasks with thermometers, and 2 trellises with rulers
  • Includes 22-page activity journal packed with experiments, fun facts, creative writing prompts, and more!
  • Gardening Diary includes hydroponics experiments and history, including information about the Aztecs amazing floating gardens!
  • Supports STEM learning
Divine Organics, 2Lb / 32oz Raw Cacao / Cocoa Nibs - Certified Organic - Premium Rio Arriba - Smoothies, Baking, Snacks, Salads, Trail Mixes - Chocolate Chips Substitute - Rich in Magnesium
Grocery
  • ✔ USDA Certified Organic Cacao / Cocoa: Vegan, non-GMO, kosher, gluten-free, dairy-free, soya-free, raw. Highest quality cacao / cocoa beans grown in Ecuador. Yummy...
  • ✔ GET 30% OFF ~ View our Special Offers section further down the page. SMOOTHIES | BAKING | SNACKS | SALADS | TRAIL MIXES: Uplevel smoothies, green drinks and...
  • ✔ 60-DAY BETTER-THAN-MONEY-BACK GUARANTEE! Order now with peace of mind. If you are not 100% satisfied, tell us within 60 days of purchase and we ll give you a full...
  • ✔ ANTIOXIDANT POWERHOUSE: This Super Food Is rich in magnesium, high in protein, with a significant amount of fiber, and contains only natural good fat like those...
  • ✔ RESEALABLE/RECLOSABLE BAGS preserve the freshness to make the product last longer. These bags seal well and keep the pure raw cacao nibs aroma intact.
Related Posts