Information about Aztecs
Languages similar to the Aztec language have existed in Central Mexico for perhaps 1400 years. As early as 600AD, languages known as Nahuan were spoken by peoples in the area. It is believed that these language speakers came from the north in waves, settling in central Mexico.
Speakers of languages such as Nahuatl began to gain power, and by 1000AD (CE) it is likely that Nahuatl speakers were the dominant power.
One of the last Nahuatl speaking groups to come to the area was the Mexica, who would become a powerful force in the founding of the Aztec empire.
As the empire grew, so did the influence of Nahuatl (also called Classical Nahuatl, Mexicano or Aztec). Naturally, those who wanted to get along with the powers-that-were needed to speak it. It was a language of trade, and a language of prestige. It was used in literature extensively.
What was the Aztec language like?
You can learn more about the . The Nahuatl language is an agglutinant language, which means that words and phrases are put together by combining prefixes, suffixes, and root words, in order to form an idea. For example, in Tetelcingo Nahuatl (a modern dialect), there is an 18-syllable word that means "you honourable people might have come along banging your noses so as to make them bleed, but in fact you didn't". That's right, you can just keep stringing those ideas together!
Actually, many forms of Nahuatl are still spoken today. It's likely that there were various dialects during the time of the Aztecs, just as there are today. Some dialects are so different that speakers can't understand one another!
Listen to the Nahuatl!
You can hear what Nahuatl sounds like today. Here are some MP3s of a form of Nahuatl still spoken in the northern part of the State of Puebla in Mexico. Listen to .
More on Nahuatl
Classical Nahuatl belongs to the Uto-Aztecan family of languages. These are found throughout the Western United States and Mexico today. Read more about the . You can find extensive information about . You can even start to !
For more, check out the references below.
References: by Frances Karttunen; by Michael E. Smith; by Richard F. Townsend; ; by J. Richard Andrews; by Michael D. Coe and Rex Koontz; SIL article on the ;
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