Why were the Mayan important?

Maya Civilization Important Facts
December 5, 2021 – 11:49 pm
Maya The Maya lived in
Mural at Bonampak, Chiapas, Mexico - Nick LeonardMural at Bonampak, Chiapas, Mexico.

Continued from page 2

Updated .

Important Facts about the Maya Civilization

Population: There is no complete population estimate, but it must have been in the millions. In the 1600s, the Spanish reported that there were between 600, 000-1 million people living in the Yucatan peninsula alone. Each of the larger cities probably had populations in excess of 100, 000, but that doesn't count the rural sectors that supported the larger cities.

Environment: The Maya Lowland region below 800 meters is tropical with rainy and dry seasons. There is little exposed water except in lakes in limestone faults, swamps, and cenotes-natural sinkholes in the limestone that are geologically a result of the Chicxulub crater impact. Originally, the area was blanketed with multiple canopied forests, and mixed vegetation.

continue reading below our video

7 Great Ways to Improve Your Memory

The Highland Maya regions include a string of volcanically active mountains. Eruptions have dumped rich volcanic ash throughout the region, leading to deep rich soils and obsidian deposits. Climate in the highland is temperate, with rare frost. Upland forests originally were mixed pine and deciduous trees.

Mayan language: The various groups spoke nearly 30 closely related languages and dialects, including the Mayan and Huastec

The so called "long count" calendar was invented by Mixe-Zoquean speakers, based on the extant Mesoamerican Calendar. It was adapted by the classic period Maya ca 200 AD. The earliest inscription in long count among the Maya was made dated AD 292. Earliest date listed on the "long count" calendar is about August 11, 3114 BC, what the Maya said was the founding date of their civilization.

The first dynastic calendars were being used by about 400 BC

Extant written records of the Maya: Popul Vuh, extant Paris, Madrid, and Dresden codices, and the papers of Fray Diego de Landa called "Relacion".


The Dresden Codex dated to the Late Post Classic/Colonial period (1250-1520) includes astronomical tables on Venus and Mars, on eclipses, on seasons and the movement of the tides. These tables chart the seasons with respect to their civic year, predict solar and lunar exclipses and tracked the motion of the planets.

Maya Civilization Ritual

Intoxicants: Chocolate (Theobroma), blache (fermented honey and an extract from the balche tree; morning glory seeds, pulque (from agave plants), tobacco, intoxicating enemas, Maya Blue

Sweat baths: Piedras Negras, San Antonio, Cerén

Astronomy: The Maya tracked the sun, moon, and Venus. Calendars include eclipse warnings and safe periods, and almanacs for tracking Venus.

Observatories: built at Chichén Itzá

Maya Gods: What we know of Maya religion is based on writings and drawings on codices or temples. A few of the gods include: God A or Cimi or Cisin (god of death or flatulent one), God B or Chac, (rain and lightning), God C (sacredness), God D or Itzamna (creator or scribe or learned one), God E (maize), God G (sun), God L (trade or merchant), God K or Kauil, Ixchel or Ix Chel (goddess of fertility), Goddess O or Chac Chel. There are others; and in the Maya pantheon there are sometimes combined gods, glyphs for two different gods appearing as one glyph.

Death and Afterlife: Ideas about death and the afterlife are little known, but the entry to the underworld was called Xibalba or "Place of Fright"

Maya Politics

Warfare: The Maya had fortified sites, and military themes and battles events are illustrated in Maya art by the Early Classic period. Warrior classes, including some professional warriors, were part of the Maya society. Wars were fought over territory, slaves, to avenge insults, and to establish succession.

Weaponry: axes, clubs, maces, throwing spears, shields and helmets, bladed spears

Ritual sacrifice: offerings thrown into cenotes, and placed in tombs; the Maya pierced their tongues, earlobes, genitals or other body parts for blood sacrifice. animals (mostly jaguars) were sacrificed, and there were human victims, including high ranking enemy warriors who were captured, tortured and sacrificed

Mayan Architecture

The first steles are associated with the Classic period, and the earliest is from Tikal, where a stele is dated AD 292. Emblem glyphs signified specific rulers and a specific sign called "ahaw" is today interpreted as "lord".

Distinctive architectural styles of the Maya include (but aren't limited to) Rio Bec (7th-9th centuries AD, block masonry palaces with towers and central doorways at sites such as Rio Bec, Hormiguero, Chicanna, and Becan); Chenes (7th-9th centuries AD, related to the Rio Bec but without the towers at Hochob Santa rosa Xtampack, Dzibilnocac); Puuc (AD 700-950, intricately designed facades and doorjambs at Chichén Itzá, Uxmal, Sayil, Labna, Kabah); and Toltec (or Maya Toltec AD 950-1250, at Chichén Itzá.

Source: archaeology.about.com
Premium Camping Hammock - Large Double Size, Portable & Lightweight. Aluminum Wiregate Carabiners Included. Ultralight Ripstop Parachute Nylon (Orange/Black)
Sports (M&R Industries, LLC)
  • COMFORTABLE & EASY TO PACK - The DoubleHang Hammock is the perfect hammock for camping, backpacking, hiking, hanging out on college campus, and more. It s large...
  • STRONG BUT ULTRA LIGHTWEIGHT - Our double camping hammock is made from premium materials and rated for up to 400 lbs, but tested to over 1 lbs. Made from high-quality...
  • PREMIUM WIREGATE CARABINERS INCLUDED: Nature s Hangout premium aluminum carabiners are the only type you want to pack for your hammock. They are lightweight, durable...
  • SPECIAL PROMOTION ON HAMMOCK STRAPS (not included): We believe in allowing you to choose any hammock suspension on the market and do not jack up our price to include...
  • NATURES HANGOUT - AN AMAZON 5 STAR BRAND: Our hammocks are brand new, but just look up HangTight Hammock Straps by Nature s Hangout on Amazon to know we are a 5-star...
Little River Co. Little River Co. | Double Camping Hammock
Sports (Little River Co.)
  • ONE OF THE BIGGEST HAMMOCKS ON THE MARKET: Extra-large to fit 2 comfortably, it measures 114 x 78 . Solo sleeper? Makes a deluxe king size nest for 1 yet compresses...
  • 3-MINUTE SET-UP: Use our premium SlingStraps to quickly suspend your hammock between trees, poles, boat masts & more. Made of durable poly-filament, our SlingStraps...
  • RUGGED & HEAVY DUTY: Made of high-quality, breathable parachute nylon with custom triple-interlocked stitching. Also features industrial-strength, nautical-grade...
  • YOUR SATISFACTION GUARANTEED: We re 100% focused on making sure you re completely satisfied. You will be thrilled with your hanging hammock-or your money back!
  • YOUR PURCHASE MAKES A DIFFERENCE: Little River Co. donates a portion of all proceeds to Cuipo, an organization who protects rainforests for future generations.
4oz Organic Rosehip Oil - BIG 4 OUNCE! - 100% Pure & Certified Organic Cold Pressed - SEE RESULTS OR YOUR MONEY-BACK - Heals Dry Skin, Fine Lines, Acne Scars, Eczema, Psoriasis, Sun Damage & More!
Beauty (Eve Hansen)
  • #1 HIGHEST QUALITY - our USDA Certified Organic Rose Hips Seed Oil is pure, unfiltered, unprocessed and cold pressed for the highest potency. Paraben, Alcohol, and...
  • LUXURIOUS AND LIGHTWEIGHT - Dry Skin will be instantly replenished and revitalized. Fine Lines are visibly reduced and skin is immediately brighter and more radiant...
  • 4 oz AMBER GLASS BOTTLE to preserve the integrity of the oil. It is 4 times bigger than most of Rosehip oils sold on Amazon.
  • MANUFACTURER SATISFACTION POLICY - Eve Hansen products are backed with 100% satisfaction warranty. Try it out at our expense - if you are not fully satisfied, we...
NOVICA NOVICA Sustainable Cotton Mayan Ivory White Hammock 'Take Me To The Sky' (single)
Lawn & Patio (NOVICA)
  • Size: 118 L x 56 W
  • Authentic: an original NOVICA fair trade product in association with National Geographic.
  • Certified: comes with an official NOVICA Story Card certifying quality & authenticity.
  • Exceptional Artisan Quality by Estuardo Cofino.
  • Product info: 100% cotton, brass and pinewood
Haven Valley Double Parachute Hammock - Camping Hammock with Hammock Straps - Portable Hammock for Two - Perfect for Beach, Backpacking, Yard, Bed, Swing, or 2 Person. BEST CUSTOMER SERVICE GUARANTEED
Sports (Haven Valley, LLC)
  • BEST SLEEP YOU WILL EVER HAVE OUTDOORS - Tent camping is great, but there are some downfalls. You can t see the stars, and no one wants to wake up with dew in their...
  • COZY ENOUGH FOR TWO. ROOMY ENOUGH FOR ONE. - This double hammock is roomy and comfy, so you can snuggle up with your beau. Cuddle up after eating some yummy s-mores...
  • TRAVEL ANYWHERE. EXPLORE THE WORLD. - No matter if you want to spend time with your kids in your backyard or go backpacking in the mountains with your friend, this...
  • STAY SAFE. STAY HEALTHY. - No one wants to fall out of a ripped hammock in the middle of the night. You never have to worry about that with this durable hammock!...
  • BEST VALUE. GUARANTEED. - Our camping hammock comes with everything you need. Free steel carabiners. Free nylon rope / paracords. Free manual on setting up and getting...
Popular Q&A
What is good info. About the aztec.

It was against the law to be drunk in public in the Aztec empire, unless you were over 70 years old! use the link for more info!

Related Posts