Inca

Aztecs Incas Mayans
Aztecs Incas Mayans
The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations, living in Mexico and Central America, while the Incas lived in South America. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were…
Mesoamerica maps
Mesoamerica maps
Today’s guest post was written by Katje Lattik , Archaeological Research Intern in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, who works with the Pre-Columbian objects in the Jay I. Kislak Collection of the Archaeology and History of the Early Americas. Katje was a 2015 Library of Congress…
Ancient Inca Geography
Ancient Inca Geography
We recommend these new resources as alternatives to the archived content on this page. Please explore and don t forget to update your bookmarks! Please note: We are no longer updating the content on archived pages. Archived content may contain dated information and broken links. Grades 6-8 Overview:…
Inca civilization for Kids
Inca civilization for Kids
The Inca empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village of Cuzco, high in the Andes Mountains of South America. One day, another tribe tried to conquer them. Thanks to Pachacuti, the king s son, the Incas won! That was the beginning of the Inca empire. Over the next 100 years, the Inca conquered…
History of Yucatan
History of Yucatan
The Yucatán Peninsula has captivated travelers since the early Spanish explorations. Explorers and conquistadores met with more resistance there than in almost any other part of the New World, and this rebellious spirit continued for centuries… Fransisco de Montejo’s military incursion of Yucatán took…
Maya Art and architecture
Maya Art and architecture
Mayan Art and Architecture As unique and spectacular as any Greek or Roman architecture, Maya architecture spans many thousands of years; yet, often the most dramatic and easily recognizable as Maya are the fantastic stepped pyramids from the Terminal Pre-classic period and beyond. Being based on the…
Aztec and Inca empires
Aztec and Inca empires
Well first of all, both the Inca and the Aztec performed human sacrifices to the gods. However, sacrifices were done by the thousands in the Aztec Empire. In the Inca World, it was more like when disaster struck or something unexpected had happened would a ceremonial sacrifice take place high in the…
Map of Incas
Map of Incas
Essentially the Inca Trail is a mountainous jungle hike leading to the sacred Inca city of Machu Picchu. The 45km trek is usually covered in 4 days, arriving at Machu Picchu at daybreak on the final day before returning to Cusco by train in the afternoon. The trek is rated moderate and any reasonably…
Inca Tribe culture
Inca Tribe culture
The Inca empire developed between 1400 and 1500 AD in an area which is now Peru. Before the 15th century the Andean region was populated by many different tribes of people. Under the military leadership of Pachacuti and his son Topa Inca, who were Inca emperors between 1438 and 1493, the Inca state expanded…
Facts about the Inca civilization
Facts about the Inca civilization
A visit to Peru can’t be had without encountering at least some form of the Incan Empire. As one of the great civilizations of the New World, the colonial era of conquering still leaves a bad taste in local mouths. There are some important facts about this expansive culture that are important to remember…
Inca Civilizations
Inca Civilizations
Inca Civilization The Inca Empire, or Inka Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu), was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in the early…
Incas Aztecs and Mayans
Incas Aztecs and Mayans
Several cultures flourished in Central and South America from about 300 c.e. in the modern-day nations of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Of the many early civilizations first living in this area, the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas are the best known and offer…
Inca Empire location
Inca Empire location
Cuzco was the capital and birthplace of the Inca Empire. The emperor, or Sapa Inca, lived in a palace in Cuzco. His top leaders and closest advisors also lived there. Where is Cuzco located? When was Cuzco founded? Cuzco was founded by Manco Capac around 1200 AD. He established the Kingdom of Cuzco as…
Mystery of the Maya
Mystery of the Maya
It s hard to believe that while the European continent was entrenched in the horrors of the Dark Ages, the Mayan culture was thriving. Not only did the Mayans create a complicated written language, they had far exceeded the Europeans in their study and mapping of the stars and planets, mathematics, and…
Inca Art for Kids
Inca Art for Kids
Ceramic pottery did not make an appearance in Peru until 1800BC, and it did not appear in the Lake Titicaca Basin until as late as 1200BC. Most scholars believe that a civilization does not occur until ceramic pottery comes into use. They also believe that one of the main criteria for a civilization…
Maya rise and fall
Maya rise and fall
Since Mayan culture formed, dissolved and reformed over many hundreds of years, scholars divide the years into three main time periods: Pre-Classic (2 B.C. to A.D. 250), Classic (A.D. 250 to 900) and Post-Classic (900 to 1519). These eras are briefly described here, but will be more fully covered in…
Inca Mayan Aztec Timeline
Inca Mayan Aztec Timeline
Key Groups: Adena (500 BC), Hopewell (100 BC) Religion and Culture: Known as mound builders because they buried the dead in large earth mounds, these groups lived in small farming villages, which were likely run by leaders of clans (relatives). The villages grew and became increasingly complex, building…
Incan Mayan Aztec
Incan Mayan Aztec
Background The Mesoamerican civilizations consist of four main cultures, , , , and . Each experienced a time of cultural and intellectual achievement that produced lasting contributions in art, literature, and science. Olmecs The Olmec (1400 BCE - 500 BCE) was the first major Mesoamerican civilization…
Maya, Inca
Maya, Inca
The supreme rule of the Inca was called the Sapa Inca. He and his royal family in Cuzco were the top of Inca hierarchy. Under them were the people who lived in the Cuzco Basin. These people were Inca by honor, but not by ancestry. The heads of state and church were all members of the royal family. Military…
Location of Incas
Location of Incas
When the explorer Hiram Bingham encountered Machu Picchu in 1911, he was looking for a different city, known as Vilcabamba. This was a hidden capital to which the Inca had escaped after the Spanish conquistadors arrived in 1532. Over time it became famous as the legendary Lost City of the Inca. Bingham…
Map of Inca civilization
Map of Inca civilization
On the remote Peruvian island of Taquile, in the middle of the great Lake Titicaca, hundreds of people stand in silence on the plaza as a local Roman Catholic priest recites a prayer. Descended in part from Inca colonists sent here more than 500 years ago, the inhabitants of Taquile keep the old ways…