Culture of Mayans

Maya Culture
January 9, 2020 – 09:45 am
Maya culture shared many
At the top of the Classic Maya hierarchy was the ruler, generally called the ahaw (“lord”) or k’uhul ahaw (“divine lord”), who resided in a capital city. In some capitals, such as Tikal, the ruler was also called the kaloomte’ or ochk’in kaloomte’, meaning Supreme lord of War. Arrayed around the capitals and major cities were satellite cities and towns, administered by sublords. In some areas, such as the Usumacinta, these sublords were called sajalob, but in other areas that term was never used. Within the category of sub lords there was internal ranking as well, with some individuals designated “head sublord” or b’aah sahal.

Maya society was broken into a class structure with four main levels: the nobility (Almehenob'), the priesthood (Ah'kinob'), the common people (Ah'chembal uinieol'), and the slaves (Pencat'ob')

There were also Classic Maya terms for occupations, such as Itz’aat, “artisan”; Uxul, “stonecutter”; b’aah uxul, “head stonecutter”; Ah Bich’ul, “sculptor” or “polisher”; Ah Tz’ib, “scribe”; and for Priest or Shamans as: Ah K’uhun, Ah K’uhul Hu’n, and Ah K’uhuun, terms variously interpreted as “he of the holy books, ” “keeper of the paper/headbands, ” or “he who worships.

In the Agricultural field they developed innovative techniques, using the fertile soils of the swamps (Humedales or Bajos), and irrigation systems. In the tropical lowlands of Guatemala, the Maya built an agrarian civilization that supported the highest population densities in the pre-industrial Americas at least 20 times what it is in today’s Guatemala, even though, their biggest cities were away from the water. At its peak, the Maya civilization and economy functioned through many states each run by an aristocratic family which claimed direct links with the Gods, mostly the God of Maize, and passed ruling power from father to son in the manner of royalty.

The Tombs where elaborated and with many objects, the jars are an offering for water. The green and blue s€†€¢ìRPgjade symbolize maize, or corn. The upright jade axes symbolize sprouting maize plants. This is a cosmic offering. A cruciform is the shape of the Maya cosmos

Ahau (Ajaw) in Throne, Petén Classic figurine, note the Maya Blue, that can't be reproduced up to today Classic Ceremonial composed Jar, Armadillo as motif, Guatemala Highlands, both can be fill. , with the Maya world-tree or maize plant at the center of the cross-shaped opening into the natural rock. The maize god/world-tree and the sun god are sometimes conflated in a single figure with which Motul de San José, (Ik 'site) Ball game scene.
Mayan Civilization: Explore the History and Mystery of the Ancient Mayan Ruins, Religion, Calendar, and More (Mayan Ruins, Mayan Religion, Ancient Civilization, Mayan Calendar)
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