Mayan gods and Goddesses names
The Mayan Indians of Central and South America (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Belize) believed in many gods. The gods ranged from a suicide goddess, to a god of maize, or corn. With the Mayan believing in over 190 gods and goddesses, they had a god/goddess for just about everything.
The principle gods of the Mayan religion were:
- Chac, the rain god
- Kinich Ahau (also known by Ah Xoc Kin, who was associated with the writings and poetry), the sun god
- The maize god, who was associated with Yumil Kaxob the god of flora
- Yum Cimil (Ah Puch) was the death god, or god of the underworld
- Ixtab, the suicide goddess
- Kukulcan, the wind god.
The Mayans also believed in Duality. What this means is that a god/goddess could have dual or contrasting roles, such as being the ruler of the sky and underworld, or being good and evil. Another aspect was being part human and part animal. Kukulcan was depicted as being part human and part reptile. The dualism also extended to life after death. The good souls were cast into heaven while the evil souls were cast into the underworld, where they were tortured by cold, exhaustion, hunger, and sadness.
of the Maya
Chac was the Rain God. The Mayans often sought his help for their crops. Chac was closely associated with the creation of life. Chac was believed to be divided into four equal parts, representing North, South, East and West. Chac was also believed to be associated with the Wind God, Kukulcan. Some Mayans and historians believe Kukulcan was just a variation of Chac. Gold and jade were sacrifices to this god.
The Sun God was Kinich Ahau, the patron god of the city Itzamal. He supposedly visited the city at noon everyday, and would descend as a macaw and consumed prepared offerings. Kinich Ahau is usually shown with jaguar-like features, and he also wears the symbol of Kin, a Mayan day. Kinich Ahau was sometimes shown by the name Ah Xoc Kin, who was associated with poetry and music.
The Maize God is representative of the ripe grain which was the base of the Mayan agriculture. The Maize God is combined with the God of Flora, Yumil Kaxob in certain areas of Mesoamerica.The Maize God is usually shown with a headdress of maize, or corn, and a curved streak on his cheek. He is also different from other gods because he is portrayed as a youth. However, the Maize God was powerless by himself. Rain and drought controled his fortunes and misfortunes. He suffered when the Death God exercised drought and famine, and the Rain God would protect him.
Ixtab was the name of the Suicide Goddess. Ixtab was always shown with a rope around her neck. The Mayans believed that their gods needed blood to be happy. Suicide was believed to lead you to heaven. Therefore, suicide was more common and more acceptable then that today.
Yum Cimil was the name of the Death God. He was also called Ah Puch, the God of the Underworld. The underworld was called Xibalba. His body was mostly skeletal. His adornments were also made of bone. Yum Cimil has also been shown with black spots representing decomposition. He also wears a collar with eyeless sockets, which was the symbol for the underworld.
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